- Erik Buell
Erik F. Buell
April 2, 1950 (1950-04-02) (age 61)
Motorcycle racer, engineer, designer, executive
Founder, Buell Motorcycle Company and Erik Buell Racing
Motorcycle Hall of Fame (2002)
Motorcyclist Of The Year (2011)
Erik F. Buell (born April 2, 1950 in Pittsburgh, PA) is the founder, former Chairman and Chief Technical Officer of the Buell Motorcycle Company, which eventually merged with Harley-Davidson Corp. Buell is a pioneer of modern race motorcycle technology. Buell is also the founder of Erik Buell Racing.
The early years
Buell was raised on a farm in Gibsonia, PA and thus learned to work on machinery at a young age. In his teen years, Buell took up motorcycling. His first ride was an Italian-made Parilla 90cc moped. He attended the University of Pittsburgh.
Motorcycles and motorcycle racing
After his moped, Buell jumped right up to a 74ci basket-case Harley-Davidson. To [read more...]
- American Machine and Foundry
American Machine and Foundry or AMF was founded in 1900 and was once one of the largest recreational equipment companies in the United States.
The company was founded by Rufus L. Patterson, inventor of the first automated cigarette manufacturing machine. Originally incorporated in New Jersey but operating in Brooklyn, the company began by manufacturing cigarette, baking, and stitching machines. In 1943, Patterson's son, Morehead Patterson, took over AMF. After World War II ended, Patterson determined that the company had to 'grow or die'. Searching for new products, he came across a crude prototype of an automatic bowling-pin setter. To get the necessary cash to develop the invention, Patterson swapped off AMF stock to acquire eight small companies with fast-selling products. After incorporating key features developed by Leslie L. LeVeque, the AMF Pinspotter, perfected and put on the market in 1951, helped to turn bowling into the most popular U.S. participative, [read more...]
- Iver Johnson
Iver Johnson was a U.S. firearms, bicycle, and motorcycle manufacturer from 1871 to 1993. The company shared the same name as its founder, Norwegian-born Iver Johnson (1841-1895).
Iver Johnson was born in Nordfjord, in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway and later emigrated from Norway to the United States. He was educated as a gunsmith in Bergen in 1857 and had a gun store in Oslo. He married Mary Elizabeth Adams (born January 1847 ) on April 9, 1868, in Worcester, with whom he had 3 sons (Frederick Iver, John Lovell, and Walter Olof) and 2 daughters (Mary Louise and Nellie).
Iver Johnson immigrated to Worcester, Massachusetts from Norway in 1863 at the height of the American Civil War, a time when gunsmithing was a welcome skill in the country. Johnson was a gunsmith by trade at the time, but also worked as an inventor in his spare time, which would come in handy later on as he sought new and creative uses for his partially idle manufacturing equipment, a thought [read more...]
The term softail refers to motorcycles and bicycles that feature a rear suspension system with springs or shock absorbers to absorb bumps. On Softail motorcycles, the shock absorbers or springs are often hidden underneath out of view to give the appearance of a hard-tail or rigid frame, however many older motorcycles such as the original BMW R series actually use a rigid (welded) frame design with an exterior suspension connected directly to the rear axle. The word softail is a registered trademark of Harley-Davidson motorcycles, coined with the release of the FXST Softail in 1984. Since then, the word has expanded to include other motorcycles with hidden rear suspensions as well as bicycles incorporating a rear suspension.
In Harley-Davidson motorcycles, the softail frame is designed to look like the hardtail bikes of the past, while still offering the comfort of rear suspension. The shock absorbers are positioned along the axis of the motorcycle, tucked [read more...]
- Allstate (vehicle brand)
Allstate was an American seller of scooters.
Sears sold vehicles from several manufacturers, badged with the Sears "Allstate" brand. Most Allstate models were scooters, but several motorcycles and a car were sold under the Allstate marque. Vespa and Cushman scooters are the most commonly recognized Allstate models.
1948 811.30 3 hp Cushman Scooter
1951–58 811.40 4 hp Cushman Scooter
1951 711.30 3 hp Cushman Scooter
1957–60 Jetsweep (Cushman Pacemaker)
1958 811.94300 Cushman Scooter
1951 788.100 Vespa 125cc
1952 788.101 Vespa 125cc
1952 788.102 Vespa 125cc
1953 788.103 Vespa 125cc
1954 788.104 Vespa 125cc
1955 788.94490 Vespa 125cc
1956 788.94491 Vespa 125cc
1957 788.94492 Vespa 125cc
1958 788.94493 Vespa 125cc
1958–60 788.94494 Vespa 125cc
1961–62 788.94495 Vespa 125cc
1963 788.94330 Vespa 125cc
1964 788.94331 Vespa 125cc
1965 788.94332 Vespa 125cc
1966 788.94370 Vespa 125cc (Badged "Sears," not Allstate)
1966 788.94360 Vespa [read more...]
- Flathead engine
A flathead engine (aka sidevalve engine, Ford Sidevalve engine, or flatty) is an internal combustion engine with valves placed in the engine block beside the piston, instead of in the cylinder head, as in an overhead valve engine. As the cylinder cross-section has the shape of an upside-down L, this leads to other names: L-block, or L-head.
The sidevalve's poppet valves are usually sited on one side of the cylinder(s)). A recess in the cylinder head creates a corridor connecting the valves and the combustion chamber. The valve gear comprises a camshaft which operates the valves via simple tappets, without any further valvetrain paraphernalia (such as pushrods, rocker arms, overhead valves or overhead camshafts). The sidevalve arrangement was common in early engine designs, but it has since fallen from favor.
The main advantages of a sidevalve engine are simplicity, reliability, cheapness, compactness, responsive low-speed power, ability to use low-octane fuel, and [read more...]